Panel: Alternative perspectives on the proclamation of the new Baltic states in 1918

 
Dienstag, 20. Juni 2017

Panel des IKGN e. V. - Nordost-Instituts auf der 12th Conference on Baltic Studies in Europe (CBSE) in Riga

Das Nordost-Institut war mit einem Panel auf der diesjährigen 12th Conference on Baltic Studies in Europe (CBSE), die vom 19. bis zum 21. Juni 2017 in Riga (Lettland) stattfand, vertreten. Im Vorgriff auf die geplanten Jubiläen zum 100. Bestehen der baltischen Staaten wurden in drei Vorträgen die gängigerweisen nationalen Perspektiven auf die Staatsgründungen in der baltischen Region vor 99 Jahren um ökonomische, geschlechtergeschichtliche und historiografiekritische Anmerkungen ergänzt werden:

 
Alternative perspectives on the proclamation of the new Baltic states in 1918: biographic, economic and historiographical approaches

In 2018 Estonia, Latvia and Lithuania will be commemorating the 100th anniversary of their proclamation as independent states in 1918. The proclamation of three democratic republics in place of the old German and Russian dominated provinces of Estonia, Livonia and Courlande was undoubtedly one of the most important turning points in Baltic history ‒ after the crusades of the 13th century and, possibly, the incorporation of the Baltic region into the Russian empire at the beginning of the 18th century. In historiography the events of the years 1917 ‒ 1920 are mainly told and interpreted in terms of political or military history – World War One, the revolutions of 1917, the proclamation of the republics, the Russian civil war and War of Liberation, the struggle for international recognition.

The proposed three papers presented here portray the founding of the three new Baltic states in different ways: from the perspective of individual human beings (biographies), economics (banking sector) and historiographical interpretations in the course of the 20th century, thus completing the national narratives of the emerging new states.

 

David Feest (Nordost-Institut (IKGN e.V.), Lüneburg)

No Independence Without Money.
The Banking House, Georg Scheel & Co., and Estonia’s State Finances

When the Baltic Republics were declared in 1918 they were not only contested by the Red Army. They also faced the problem that they had to gain the confidence of the international markets. How was the young republic able to obtain international investments and loans ? And what was the role of the old elites in this process? The paper takes the case of the Baltic German bank Georg Scheel & Co. as an example of the interplay between financial and governmental actors in the early years of the Estonian Republic.

 

Anja Wilhelmi (Nordost-Institut (IKGN e.V.), Lüneburg)

1918 - a Chance for Economic Participation?
Female Newcomers and Entrepreneurs in the German Baltic Minority

The declaration of the Latvian and Estonian Republics changed the political and economical position of German Baltics in total. There are many investigations about the way how male actors behaved in these new circumstances. But what is about the female part of the German Baltic minority? Many of them used the turning point to create own chances for economical autarky. In the paper there will be a closer look on these economic projects.

 


 

15.06.2017
Letzte Aktualisierung: 27.06.2017

Wir nutzen Cookies auf unserer Website. Einige von ihnen sind essenziell für den Betrieb der Seite, während andere uns helfen, diese Website und die Nutzererfahrung zu verbessern (Tracking Cookies). Sie können selbst entscheiden, ob Sie die Cookies zulassen möchten. Bitte beachten Sie, dass bei einer Ablehnung womöglich nicht mehr alle Funktionalitäten der Seite zur Verfügung stehen.